May 22, 2023 -NEW YORK (AP) — Stocks are moving tentatively Monday, as Wall Street waits to see whether a pivotal meeting later in the day will help the U.S. government avoid a potentially disastrous default on its debt.
The S&P 500 was 0.3% higher after coming off its best week since March. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was down 67 points, or 0.2%, at 33,359, as of 3:05 p.m. Eastern time, while the Nasdaq composite was 0.7% higher.
The stock market is near its highest level since August, but it’s been mostly drifting within a tight range for weeks as several big worries weigh. The biggest near-term risk is the possibility of a U.S. default, something that could occur as soon as June 1.
That’s when Washington could run out of cash to pay its bills, unless Congress allows it to borrow more. Because Treasurys are seen as the safest investment on Earth, economists and investors say a default would likely trigger a recession for the economy and deep pain for financial markets.
President Joe Biden and House Speaker Kevin McCarthy are set to meet later in the day about raising the debt limit. Talks so far have been start-and-stop, with stocks rallying in the middle of last week on hopes that a deal may be progressing, only to falter Friday when negotiations hit a roadblock. Talks continued through the weekend.
Another worry that’s hung over the market is the strength of the U.S. banking system, which has begun to crack under the weight of much higher interest rates. Three big U.S. failures have shaken confidence since March, and investors have been on the lookout for the next possible weak link.
Much scrutiny has been on PacWest Bancorp. Its stock rose 23% after it said it agreed to sell a portfolio of real-estate construction loans with about $2.6 billion in principal still outstanding to Kennedy Wilson.
PacWest is one of the smaller and mid-sized regional banks that Wall Street highlighted in its hunt for the next possible bank to suffer a drop in confidence. Other banks collapsed after depositors pulled their cash all at once to create debilitating runs. PacWest’s stock is still down 69.3% for the year so far.
Elsewhere on Wall Street, Micron Technology dropped 2.7% as tensions over security worsen between China and the United States. China’s government said on Sunday Micron’s products have unspecified “serious network security risks” that could affect national security. It told users of sensitive computer equipment to stop buying Micron products.
Meta has been on a tear this year, more than doubling so far in 2023 already. Other Big Tech companies have also had powerful leaps, much stronger than the rest of the market.
But that split in performance, which has kept the overall S&P 500 resilient when many stocks are weakening, is worrying some market watchers. It’s left the index looking historically top heavy, meaning its performance is more dependent on a couple handfuls of stocks than it’s been in decades.
Much of the excitement has been around artificial intelligence, but that hasn’t been enough to turn around some of Wall Street’s more pessimistic voices.
“While we believe AI is for real and will likely lead to some great efficiencies that help to fight inflation, it’s unlikely to prevent the deep earnings recession we forecast for this year,” Michael Wilson and other strategists at Morgan Stanley wrote in a report.
Profits for big U.S. companies have likely already fallen into a profit recession, with the S&P 500 in the midst of reporting a second straight quarter of profit drops from year-ago levels. The question is how much worse they will get because the economy is slowing under the weight of much higher interest rates meant to get inflation under control.
On the more optimistic side is Savita Subramanian, equity strategist at Bank of America. She raised her target for where the S&P 500 will end the year to 4,300 from 4,000. That’s not far from its current level around 4,200, but she also said in a BofA Global Research report that stocks outside the behemoths at the top will likely be behind most of the gains.
She pointed to improved efficiencies at companies, which should help earnings become more stable, while acknowledging all the risks that could keep keep stocks in a long-term down market, or what’s called a “bear market”.
“For the bear case, talk to the person next to you,” she said, who can bring up everything from worries about the Federal Reserve making a mistake on interest-rate policy to the debt ceiling.
“Bad news is in the ether.”
In the bond market, the 10-year Treasury yield rose to 3.71% from 3.68% late Friday. It helps set rates for mortgages and other important loans. The two-year yield, which moves more on expectations for the Fed, rose to 4.33% from 4.28%.
Hopes are high that the Fed will start taking it easier on interest rates by leaving them steady at its next meeting in June. That would be the first time it hasn’t hiked rates at a meeting in more than a year.
In stock markets abroad, Japan’s Nikkei 225 rose 0.9% to continue a big run over the last couple weeks. The Hang Seng in Hong Kong rose 1.2%, while stock indexes were mixed across Europe.